Types of oral surgery

Categories: Educational

While dental surgery should be the last option in any of the dental treatment plans, certain situations necessitate surgery as the primary treatment. The following are the types of oral surgeries that are required most frequently. 

Surgery for tooth removal

Whether its a wisdom tooth that has deviated from its expected path of eruption or any other tooth that has decayed beyond repair and needs extraction, surgery is required to remove that tooth to prevent damage to adjoining tissues as well as the supporting bone.

Wisdom teeth are the last to pop up in the oral cavity, they may not have enough space to align themselves in line with the others and hence require extraction. Many a time, due to various other factors, wisdom teeth deviate from their path of eruption while still inside the jaw bone and damage the adjacent tooth. Whatever be the cause, once a wisdom tooth poses a risk to other oral structures, it is best to get them removed.

Similarly, a tooth that cannot be salvaged by a root canal due to any unforeseen reason needs to be removed to prevent the spread of disease to adjacent tissues.

Surgery for jaw alignment

Sometimes, orthodontic treatment may call for jaw surgery to align the jaws with each other. Whenever either of the jaws exhibit an abnormal growth pattern, that may hamper the overall health or the basic functions of speech and swallowing, jaw surgery is mandated to balance the growth of both the jaws.

In another case, if there has been an injury to either of the jaws, reconstructive surgery will be required to restore the oral functions of speech and mastication.

Surgery for placement of dental implant

Dental implants require surgery to place the implant post into the jaw bone. Thereafter, it may take up to a month for the post to fuse to the bone. Once the post is fused to the bone, the crown is placed upon it so that it becomes fully functional.

Surgery for biopsy 

If your dentist at Royal Dental Practice feels that the benign tumor in your oral cavity has more to it than it seems i.e if it seems to be cancer in the making, a biopsy will be performed. A small portion of the tumor will be removed and sent for testing. A biopsy is primarily done for the detection of oral cancer in patients who have a preponderance for it.

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